Institutionalization of State-level Nullification
An important way to seek constitutional compliance is to organize widespread civil refusal to comply with unlawful official actions. A precedent for this was the 1783 Pennsylvania Council of Censors, discussed by James Madison in Federalist #48. The objective is to avoid having to launch separate legislation for every usurpation, but to provide a process by which resistance may be mobilized quickly as usurpations occur. The items below concern doing this at the state level for federal actions.
- Proposal for a Federal Action Review Commission (Nullification Commission). Latest version.
- State Nullification of Federal Action. External site for this topic.
- FAQ on the FARC — Frequently asked questions on the Federal Action Review Commission proposal.
- Court decisions
- Tom Woods on Nullification Proposal of Jon Roland. From his book, Nullification.
- Tom Woods. His site. Alternate.
- Flyer #1 on Nullification Proposal of Jon Roland. 2010/11/21.
- Flyer #2 on Nullification Proposal of Jon Roland. 2010/09/02.
- Vimeo videos on nullification. Presentations on the subject.
- So you want to nullify violations of the Constitution. Animated YouTube video.
- Interview with a Zombie. YouTube videos from Tom Woods.
- Flaws in other nullification legislation. Blog article on opposing legislation and litigation, 2010/04/26.
- Flawed Texas Health Freedom Act. Blog article on one attempt at nullification in Texas, 2010/11/19.
- Flawed Texas HB 297. Blog article on one attempt at nullification in Texas, 2010/11/21.
- Flawed Texas HB 1937. Blog article on one attempt at nullification in Texas, 2010/03/19.
- Flaws in Tennessee Nullification Bills. Blog article on two bills in Tennessee, 2011/02/24.
- Nullification is a serious option, by Jon Roland. Op-ed published on webpage of Austin American Statesman, Feb. 8, 2010.
- Cautions for "nullification" proponents. Blog article, including copies of some email exchanges, 2010/01.
- No state prosecutions of fed agents. Blog article, 2013/02.
- Obstacles to holding federal agents accountable. Blog article, 2013/02.
- The crisis: or, Essays on the usurpations of the federal government, Robert James Turnbull, Brutus (pseud.) (1827) — Discusses the misconstructions of the Constitution by the Supreme Court and Congress from a Jeffersonian standpoint, and develops the concept of state-level nullification.
- Council of Censors, Lewis Hamilton Header (1899). Pennsylvania constitutional review commission 1783-84.
- History of the Vermont Council of Censors. Vermont had an elected constitutional review commission 1777-1870.
- Federalist No. 46, James Madison (1787) — On how to use nullification to enforce compliance with the constitution:
Should an unwarrantable measure of the federal government be unpopular in particular States, which would seldom fail to be the case, or even a warrantable measure be so, which may sometimes be the case, the means of opposition to it are powerful and at hand. The disquietude of the people; their repugnance and, perhaps refusal to cooperate with officers of the Union, the frowns of the executive magistracy of the State; the embarrassment created by legislative devices, which would often be added on such occasions, would oppose, in any State, very serious impediments; and were the sentiments of several adjoining States happen to be in Union, would present obstructions which the federal government would hardly be willing to encounter.
- Notes on Nullification, James Madison, December 1834, ed. Gaillard Hunt
Many if not most of the proposals from these groups are unsound, but at least they are trying.
- Nullification: It's Official. Tenth Amendment Center blog. Proposals need work.
- United States Patriots Union. Have their own proposals, that also need work.