June 24, 2022

Choosing an over-the-counter pain reliever: types, interactions, and more


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THE REFERENCES:

The American College of Gastroenterology: “The Dangers of Aspirin and NSAIDs.”
The University of Chicago: “Treatment and Therapy – Pain Drugs.”
WebMD medical reference: “Over-the-counter pain relievers”.
Family Doctor.org: “Fever in Infants and Children.”
The Merck Handbook of Geriatrics: “Considerations for Effective Drug Therapy,” “Introduction: Over-the-Counter Drugs. “
MedicineNet: “Tip Sheet: Ulcers and Painkillers.”
WebMD News: “Risk of pain reliever: high blood pressure. “
MedicineNet: “Ibuprofen”, “Drug-induced liver disease”, “Acetaminophen”.
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: “Gastrointestinal Risk and Risk Factors for NSAIDs. “
The New York Times: “When Pain Medications Cause Bleeding.”
Johns Hopkins Health Alert: NSAIDs and the Risk of Stomach Problems. “
The American Journal of Medicine: “Use of NSAIDs and Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease.”
American Family Physician: “Acute Renal Failure”, “Preventive Strategies for Chronic Liver Disease: Part 1”, “Clinically Relevant Drug Interactions”.
National Center for Information on Renal and Urological Diseases (NKUDIC): “Analgesic nephropathy (painkillers and kidneys). “
ScienceDaily: “Most NSAIDs increase the risk of death after a heart attack.”
Harvard Health Publications: “Cardiovascular Side Effects of NSAID Pain Drugs.” “
Mayo Clinic: “Daily Aspirin Treatment: Understand the Benefits and Risks.” “Aspirin allergy: what are the symptoms? “Mayo Clinic:” Cough and Cold Combinations. “
FDA.
Nielsen G. British medical journal, 2001; vol 322: pp 266-27.
American College of Rheumatology: “NSAIDs. “
Isenberg, D. Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology, Oxford University Press, 2004.
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia: “Reye Syndrome”.
UpToDate: “Non-selective NSAIDs: adverse cardiovascular effects. “
American Heart Association: Circulation: “Use of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: An Update for Clinicians: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association.”