December 9, 2022

Pediatrics, when do you need antibiotics?

Antibiotics, the importance of a correct diagnosis

It is not easy to distinguish a viral infection from a bacterial infection because the symptoms are often similar: fever, fatigue, malaise, bone pain and general muscle pain.

While in the case of bacterial infections, antibiotics are a valuable and irreplaceable healing tool, in the case of viral infections, they do not contribute in any way to healing and resolution of symptoms.

When a child has symptoms such as those listed, a visit from a pediatrician is essential to determine if antibiotics should be given and to decide which antibiotic to use, at what dosage and how many times a day.

A very common and very serious mistake is to give your child an antibiotic for a fever, simply because it has been used successfully in the past.

Each infectious episode is different and requires a specific pediatric assessment.

Improper use of antibiotics is not only unnecessary, it can be dangerous

It contributes to the creation of the so-called “bacterial resistance”.

The next time we need this antibiotic, it may prove ineffective precisely because we have used it too much, and disproportionately, in the past.

As with all medicines, the use of antibiotics may be associated with side effects such as abdominal pain, lack of appetite, diarrhea and allergic reactions.

This is why it is very important to use them only when strictly necessary.

Once the doctor has chosen the appropriate antibiotic, the main task of the parent is to ensure that the child takes it correctly, respecting the correct methods of administration and storage.

It should be remembered that the child is not a small adult and that for each antibiotic there is a dosage adapted according to the type of infection, age and body weight.

Respecting the time of administration is essential to ensure the effectiveness of the antibiotic

It is advisable to administer the drug every day at the same time in order to remember it more easily and not forget a dose.

In addition, it is essential to continue the treatment for the entire duration prescribed by the pediatrician: never stop the antibiotic just because the fever has disappeared!

With a well-chosen antibiotic, the symptoms of infection quickly disappear.

But many bacteria still remain in the body, and if we suspend the antibiotic, we risk the disease returning and being even more difficult to fight.

You should store the medicine at the temperature indicated on the packaging: at room temperature or in the refrigerator.

Keep in a place inaccessible to children and keep the medicine in its original packaging with the instructions.

Do not use the medicine after the expiry date.

After the treatment is completed, it is best to properly dispose of the remaining medicine if the treatment did not require an entire packet.

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The use of antibiotics according to the new WHO guidelines

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