May 20, 2022

Sea water in Angke, Ancol contaminated with paracetamol, study finds

TEMPO.CO, JakartaSeawater in the Angke and Ancol regions, north of Jakarta, a common pain reliever with high content Paracetamol, according to a preliminary study published in the international journal Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 169, August 2021, available at

“High concentrations of paracetamol were detected at Angke (610 ng / L) and Ancol (420 ng / L)”, as the study summary reads.

The study, titled “High Paracetamol Concentrations in Effluent Dominated Waters of Jakarta Bay, Indonesia,” was written by four researchers. They are Wulan Koagouw, George WJ Olivier and Corina Ciocan from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences at the University of Brighton and Zainal Arifin from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI).

The study was the first to report the presence of paracetamol (acetaminophen) in coastal waters around the archipelago. The researchers collected water samples from areas of the country dominated by effluent, viz. four sites in Jakarta Bay and one on the north coast of Central Java.

Besides the paracetamol content, the four researchers found that the nutrient parameters exceeded the limits of the Indonesian standard for seawater quality and metal content.

“The findings raise concerns about the environmental risks associated with long-term exposure and, in particular, the impact on nearby shellfish farms,” ​​he said.

The researchers also noted that further seawater investigations at Angke and Ancol were needed given considerations of pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants.

Read: Environment Ministry: 59 Percent of Indonesian Rivers Seriously Polluted